This long ago and infamous ban from the 17th century still has relevance for us today, because the argument of religion versus science still continues. In 1633, Galileo Galilei, author of Dialogue concerning the Two Chief World Systems Ptolemaic and Copernican , was threatened with torture, dragged before the Inquisition and made to denounce his terrible heresy- the idea (which originated with Nicholas Copernicus) that the Earth moves around the sun.
The reason why this was heretical was because it defied the belief of the day. The heavens were immutable, unchanging and the Earth, which was the pinnacle of Creation, remained fixed in...whatever it was they thought they were suspended in (Jello?Vaseline?). Also, there was this:
12) Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.Of course,if you are wicked enough to claim that the Earth goes around the Sun- and not the other way around, this would be impossible. So, because Copernican theory contradicted the Scriptures, it had to be wrong. As many today assert- if it contradicts scripture, then it can't be true.
13) And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
Simple logic. Wrong. But simple.